Child Pornography (PC 311.11):
Child Pornography is a criminal defense that is defined as any visual depiction involving the use of a minor, or one appearing to be a minor, engaging in a sexually explicit conduct. Visual depictions include video, pictures, drawings, animations, film, photographs or computer-generated images or pictures. Child Pornography has become problematic due to the Internet and technological advances. In addition, altering a photo or video to depict a minor in a sexually explicit way could also be considered Child Pornography (for example, editing the face of a minor onto a nude body of an adult).
Under this statute, a minor is any person under the age of 18 years old. Also, it is a crime under this statute to knowingly possess, distribute, receive, or possess with the intent to distribute, any form of child pornography; even if you were not the one who produced the pornography.
Penalties (PC 311.11):
Child Pornography is both a federal and state crime. In regards to the federal government, Child pornographers can be prosecuted by the FBI, the Department of Justice, the U.S. Postal Inspection Service, U.S. Customs, and the U.S. Attorney General. Child pornography convictions can result in 15 years in federal prison as well as the lifetime sex offender registration requirement. In the State of California, a PC 311 conviction could lead to a 6 year prison sentence and up to $100,000 in fines.
Legal Defenses (PC 311.11):
Defenses to child pornography may include: entrapment, undisputable innocent and/or mistakes. Many people would never intentionally distribute or facilitate child pornography; therefore, this is a charge worth fighting if you find yourself under these circumstances.